Livingston of Callendar

The surname Livingston is of territorial origin derived from the lands of that same name in West Lothian, just to the southwest of Edinburgh. A Saxon by the name of Leving settled in in the area sometime during the reign of Edgar (1097-1107) and it is from him that we get the name “Leving’s Town” or “Livingston”.  Leving's grandson, William was designated in a charter as William the Lion “of Livingston”. His descendant, Sir William Livingston accompanied King David II on his expedition to England in 1346 and it was from him that he acquired the Barony of Callendar, Stirlingshire, and whose heiress he married. These are the “Lowland Livingstons” from whose branches descended the Livingstons of Dunipace, Kinnaird, Bonton and Westquarter.
The “Highland Livingstones” are of quite a different origin. The earliest of the Highland Livingstones were from the Isle of Lismore in the centre of Loch Linne off the coast of Western Scotland.

. . . Robert Livingston, The Livingstones of Argyll and the Isles
Scotland in the 11th Century

    Click for a brief background of Scotland in the 11th century and of Baron de Leving.
 

Generation One
Baron de Leving a Saxon nobleman who accompanied St. Margaret the Exile when she arrived at the Court of King Edward the Confessor in 1057.
circa 1057
Baron de Leving had a son:


Generation Two
Leving, about whom little is known of Leving, except that his father was Baron de Leving and his son was Leving of Levingstoun.
Leving had a son:


Generation Three
Leving of Levingstoun settled in West Lothian, southwest of Edinburgh during the reign of King Edgar (1097 – 1107) and is also known to have been there during the reign of King Alexander I (1107 – 1124) and King David I (1124 – 1153).  His name was recorded in the latinized form “Levingus” when he presented the church of his manor to the newly founded Abbey of Holyrood in 1128.
circa 1100
Leving of Levingstoun had the following children:


Generation Four
Thurston of Levingstoun  In 1187, two of Thurston’s sons, Alexander and William, witnessed a charter in which Thurston was involved.
circa 1150
Thurston of Levingstoun had the following children:

Livingston
Generation Five
Alexander of Livingston who was known to have been living during the reign of King David I (1124 – 1153)
Alexander Livingston had the following son:


Generation Six
Sir William Livingston who is known to have been living during the reign of King William I the Lion (1165 – 1214)
Sir William Livingston had the following children:


Generation Seven
 Sir Andrew de Livingston was one of the Scottish knights summoned by King Edward I on May 24th 1297 to attend his expedition to Flanders.  He was killed the same year in the revolt led by the great Scottish hero Sir William Wallace.  Sir Andrew was the Sheriff of Lanark, and it appears that Sir William Wallace emerged as the leader of the Scottish forces after Sir Andrew was killed.

    It is on official record that the Sheriff of Lanark was killed when Scottish rebels burned Lanark in 1297.  Blind Harry, the Minstrel, asserts that this sheriff was an Englishman by the name of Hesilrig; but there is no record of such a man having held this office.  Sir Andrew de Livingston is known to have been Sheriff of Lanark during the year preceding Wallace’s Revolt; and it is also evident that he must have been deceased about this time due to the fact that after Wallace’s Revolt there is no further reference to him in the public records.

    Click for more background on this Troubled Time in Scotland.

Died:  1297, slain during the revolt led by by  Sir William Wallace
Married:  Lady Elene de Quarantley or de Carantelegh
Sir Andrew de Livingston and Lady Elene de Quarantley had the following child:


Generation Eight
Sir William de Livingston of Gorgyn, Crainmillar and Drumry, was a firm adherent of the House of Bruce, and fought against the English at Halidon Hill, July 19th, 1333

Died:  1339
Married:  Margaret Comyn; daughter of Sir Fergus Comyn,  Lord of Gorgyn
Sir William de Livingston and Margaret Comyn had the following children:

Livingston of Callendar

Generation Nine
Sir William Livingston of Callendar accompanied King David II on his expedition to England in 1346 and acquired the Barony of Calendar, Stirlingshire, and whose heiress he married.

Died: November 30, 1364
Married:  Christian de Callendar, daughter of Sir Patrick de Callendar
Click for the descent of Christian de Callendar and additional information on Sir William Livingston.
Sir William Livingston and Christian de Callendar had the following children:


Generation Ten
Sir John Livingston of Callendar who was slain at the Battle of Homildon Hill on September 14, 1402; as was his cousin Sir Robert Livingston of Drumry and Wemyss.
Born:  circa 1356
Died:  1402
Married:  to (first name unknown) Menteith, daughter of John Menteith of Kerse.
Sir John Livingston and ? Menteith had the following children:


Sir John Livingston married second on August 5, 1381 to Agnes Douglas, daughter of Sir James Douglas of Dalkeith and had the following children:


Generation Eleven
Sir Alexander Livingston of Callendar who was the favourite counsellor of James I (of Scotland), after whose death he acted as guardian to the young King James II during his minority, and, in that capacity was for some time the virtual ruler of Scotland.
Stirling Castle
Stirling Castle:  One of Scotland's great strongholds

Click for details of the life of Sir Alexander Livingston and the Black Dinner of 1440.
Died:  1451
Married:  (first name unknown) Dundas; daughter of James Dundas of Dundas, the elder.
Sir Alexander Livingston and ? Dundas had the following children:



Generation Twelve
Sir James Livingston, 1st Lord Livingston of Callendar  succeeded his father as guardian to James II and became Great Chamberlain and Master of the Household to that monarch, who always held him in high esteem, and, in 1454, raised him to the peerage of Scotland as the first Lord Livingston of Callendar.
Died:  1467
Married:  Marion de Berwick, daughter of Thomas de Berwick
Sir James Livingston and Marion de Berwick has the following children:


Generation Thirteen
Alexander Livingston who is known to have married, but the name of his wife has been lost.
Born:  before July 6, 1445
Died:  1472
Alexander Livingston had a child:


Generation Fourteen
Sir James Livingston,  3rd Lord Livingston of Callendar who succeeded his childless uncle as 3rd Lord Livingston of Callendar in 1497.
Died:  1503
Married:  circa 1472 to Beatrice Fleming, daughter of Robert, the 1st Lord Fleming and granddaughter of Sir Malcolm Fleming of Cumbernauld who had been executed following the Black Dinner of 1440.  Beatrice Fleming was a great X4 granddaughter of Robert the Bruce (1274 - 1329), King of Scotland (1306 - 1329)

For Beatrice Fleming's descent from the Kings of Scotland, click on The Kings of Scotland Page.
For Beatrice Fleming's descent from Prince Henry Sinclair, Earl of Orkney, click on Sinclair.
Sir James Livingston and Beatrice Fleming had the following children:


Sir James Livingston married second to Agnes Houston and had a child:

Generation Fifteen
Sir William Livingston, 4th Lord Livingston of Callendar who in February 1509/10 resigned the whole of his lands in the Barony of Callendar in favour of his son and heir Alexander, 5th Lord Livingston of Callendar; leaving his liferent interest and a reasonable terse for his wife. His married life, owing to his dissipated habits, was not a happy one.  In 1516, Lady Livingston applied to the Ecclesiastical Court of St. Andrews for a decree of divorce on account of her husband having committed adultery with one Mariota Taylor and having had issue by her.  On September 29, 1516, the court granted Lady Livingston a separation "a mensa thoro et mutua cohabitatione ac servitute" from her husband while he was ordered to support her in accordance with her rank and means.
Died:  before April 25, 1518
Married before April 5, 1501 to Agnes Hepburn, daughter of Alexander Hepburn, the Younger, of Whitsome, who was son of Sir Patrick Hepburn, Lord Hailes. Separation on September 29, 1516.
Sir William Livingston and Agnes Hepburn had the following children:


Generation Sixteen
Master James Livingston who, as he is styled "Master", must have taken a degree in Arts at one of the Universities, probably the University of Glasgow.  Unfortunately, there is a gap in the records of this university for the period between 1509 and 1536 which would have covered his student days.
    James Livingston fought at the Battle of Pinkie (September 10, 1547) under the command of his relative, James Hamilton, Earl of Arran, and was there killed, as was also the Master of Livingston, his nephew.
    This James Livingston must not be confused with other contemporary Master James Livingston, of which there are at least three:

Died:  September 10, 1547, slain at the Battle of Pinkie, near Edinburgh.
Married circa 1544, but the name of his wife has been lost.
Master James Livingston had the following child:


Generation Seventeen
{Reverend} Alexander Livingston, M.A. who was the first Protestant Rector of Monyabroch.  He was known as Master Alexander Livingston, a reference to his degree of  Master of Arts.
Died: circa 1598
Married:  circa 1570 to Barbara Livingston, daughter of  Alexander Livingston of Over & Nether Inches, and grand daughter of William Livingston, 4th Viscount of Kilsyth.
{Reverend Alexander Livingston and Barbara Livingston had the following children:

Generation Eighteen
{Reverend} William Livingston, M.A. When only twenty years old William Livingston was presented by his kinsman, Alexander, 7th Lord Livingston, afterwards first Earl of Linlithgow, to the family living of Callendar in Perthshire, but, finding that his ignorance of the Gaelic language stood in the way of his properly discharging the duties of this Highland parish, he was eventually transferred, by the same patron, to the rectory of Monyabroch in succession to his father.
Born:  Kilsyth Castle, circa 1576
Died:  1641, Lanark
Married:   January 6, 1601 at Falkirk to Agnes Livingston, daughter of Alexander Livingston of Falkirk, by Marlan Bryson of Falkirk.
{Reverend} William Livingston and Agnes Livingston had the following children:


{Reverend} William Livingston married second to Nicolas Somervell and had the following children:


{Reverend} William Livingston married third to Marion Weir  (died January 7, 1632)


Generation Nineteen
{Reverend} John Livingston,  M.A. who at the very outset of his career became involved
in a bitter dispute with the Bishop of Glasgow, and from then onward was constantly being censured for insubordination, and was more than once suspended from his holy office. Yet, in spite of all this, "Worthy, famous Mr. John Livingston," as he is affectionately called by contemporary chroniclers, carried more weight with the Scottish people than any churchman of his time.
Born:  Monyabroch,  June 21, 1603
Died:  Rotterdam, Holland, August 1672
Married:  June 13, 1635 at Edinburgh to Janet Fleming who was born in 1613, died Rotterdam, Feb. 1690/1 and was a daughter of Bartholomew Fleming by Marian Hamilton.

Click for more on {Reverend} John Livingston within this site.
or
Click for an abridged version of John P. Stewart's The Life and Times of Master John Livingston
Rev. John Livingston Janet Fleming
{Reverend} John Livingston
(1603 - 1672)
Janet Fleming
(1613 - 1693-4)
from original portraits in possession of the Earl of Wemyss, Gosford House, Scotland
(courtesy of Sewell V. Sample)

{Reverend} John Livingston and Janet Fleming had fifteen children, eight of whom died before reaching the ten years of age, many of them as infants:


Generation Twenty
James Livingston who was apprenticed on September 24, 1662 to Edward Stevenson, a merchant in Edinburgh.  He subsequently became a merchant in that city himself, where he died in 1700; and was interred in the Greyfriars' Burial Ground on June 4, 1700.  He married twice, but the name of his first wife, the mother of Robert who joined his uncle in America, is unknown.  James married second to Christian Fish on August 15, 1683.

 (Mr. E. B. Livingston, The Livingstons of Callendar, page 448)
Born:  Stranraer, Scotland, September 22, 1646
Died:  1700
James Livingston and his first wife whose name is unknown had the following son:
It is quite probably that James Livingston has at least one other son whose direct descendant, possibly a grandson, was John Livingston, the founder of the Jamestown Livingstons who settled in New York in 1764.  Please click on The Jamestown Livingstons for details.


Robert LivingstonGeneration Twenty-one
Robert Livingston emigrated to America in 1687 or 1696, and is known as “Robert the Nephew” to distinguish him from his Uncle “Robert the Grantee” referred to previously, who landed at Charlestown, Massachusetts in December 1673 and moved on to New York in 1674 and then to Albany.
Born:  Rotterdam, Holland, 1663
Died:  New York, April 21, 1725
Married:  1697 to Margaretta Schuyler, who was a daughter of Colonel Peter Schuyler and Engeltie Van Shaik.  Click for additional background on Margaretta Schuyler
Robert Livingston and Margaretta Schuyler had a son:



Links

Three Links to The Livingston Family Genealogy and History are:

House of Livingston and Clan Livingston and Mary Van Deusen's Site

A links to Livingston, Scotland as it is to-day :

Livingston, West Lothian

And there are two links to the Callendar House:

Calendar House Site One and Callendar House Site Two

Be sure to visit John P. Stewart's site featuring an abridged version of his book about:

{Rev} John Livingston, 1603 - 1672

Please visit the Sewell Genealogy Site Map for other pages in this series.
Email Robert Sewell between October and May

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This page was set up by Robert Sewell in December, 2001 to show the Livingston Family since the earliest known times.  He may be contacted by email from September to May at the following address:  robert.sewell@sympatico.ca

The information on this page represents a compilation of material kindly submitted by the following Livingston descendants:  Nell Livingston Blay, Steven R. Edington, Helen Hanson, Don C.
Livingston, Robert Livingston, W. Darcy McKeough, Sewell Vincent Sample, Joe Slavin, John P. Stewart and Carma Kathleen Wallace.


Other sources include:
{Rev} Henry Doyle Sewell (1806 - 1886) Letters, unpublished
The Book of History (18 Volumes), London, 1914
Edwin Brockholst Livingston: The Livingstons of Callendar, Edinburgh University Press, 1920
Sir Hector Livingston Duff, The Sewells of the New World, William Pollard and Co., 1924
Way and Squire:  Clans and Tartans, Harper Collins, Glasgow, 1995
Berhard Grun, The Timetables of History, New York, 1991
Norman F. Cantor (ed.) The Encyclopædia of the Middle Ages, New York, 1999
Robert Livingston, The Livingstones of Argyll and the Isles